Do you feel passionate about the HEALTH and DIET of Animals?

We help you choose your dream career in animal Health and Nutrition

This Category looks at all the careers where people work with the health of animals, specifically through direct intervention, such as veterinarians, or through the research and production of medicine.

It also lists all the careers where people work with the research and production of food for animals, such as the kibbles for your pets, as well as the careers that process animal related products for humans to eat, such as meat, eggs, milk and honey.

Important numbers for the Industry

The global animal health market size was estimated at USD 47.1 billion and is expected to grow at an annual growth rate of 5.8%.

North America dominated the animal health market with a share of 31.9% in 2019. This was mostly due to the increasing number of pet owners in the region, as well as the rising expenditure on pet health products by owners.

Yearly global growth is fueled by growing awareness and expectations of pet owners for efficient care for their pets.

In addition to the great growth of the animal health market, the animal nutrition market, which runs together with the health sector, is worth over USD 18 billion. Both these markets create hundreds of thousands of new jobs each year.

What can I Learn from each Career?

In-depth knowledge of a specific career is extremely important. Understanding everything about a career, like what will you be doing every day, what are the difficulties you might face, and what do I need to do to prepare for such a career, will all help you to decide on the BEST career for you.

Each career includes information to help you with the following questions:

  • What is the career about
  • What are the daily tasks?
  • Where will I be able to work?
  • Which skills are important?
  • What subjects do I need at School?
  • Where can I study for this career?
  • Which animals will I work with?
  • How can I prepare for the career while still in school?
  • Where can I volunteer for experience?
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Number of Careers

List of Careers to choose from

Of the 76 careers connected to health, food or nutrition, only those where you are directly involved with the animals are listed on this page. Those where you are indirectly involved (such as those in art, design, news, media and publications) are discussed under their own categories.

Click on the name of the career for a short description of the career. When you want to learn more, click on the CAREER PAGE link.

Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Horses, Dolphins, Wolves

​Animal-assisted therapists are trained professionals (normally with some medical background) that use animals as a part of the treatment of humans with physical or mental conditions. 

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Birds

​An animal behaviourist studies the way animals behave and tries to determine what causes certain types of behaviour and what factors can prompt behaviour change.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Farm Animals

An animal biotechnologist is responsible for researching how nutrients in feed and/or animal reproductive processes impact animal health. They then create methods for more efficient production using their research findings.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Fish, Birds

​Animal food sales representatives sell animal food and nutritional products to farms, retail stores, and other businesses that either feed animals or sell animal feed.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Fish, Birds

​Animal food and nutrients producers manufacture animal food and nutritional products for various kinds of animals, from pets to wildlife.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, Insects, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​Animal geneticists analyze the genes of animals in order to discover which genes cause them to behave certain ways. Geneticist may also study animal health to determine what causes animals to fall ill, carry diseases or to be immune to specific diseases.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​Animal Health Inspectors are responsible for inspecting various facilities including livestock markets, hatcheries, pet dealers, animal shelters, production facilities, research laboratories, feedlots, and quarantine facilities to ensure that animals that are kept are healthy and/or not being abused or neglected.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

An animal husbandry specialist is a scientist that looks after the breeding process of certain kinds of farm animals. Most husbandry specialists work with livestock, but some do specialize and work with wildlife in places such as zoos.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Farm Animals

​An animal massage therapist uses massage techniques to relax the muscles, stimulate circulation and assist in strengthening limbs of animals.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​Animal nutritionists research and plan the best diets for domestic animals, livestock (farm animals) and captive wildlife (such as in a zoo) to ensure that they receive nutritionally balanced food.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals

​Animal physical therapists provide special care to animals who have had surgery, been injured or suffer from chronic pain, by helping their limbs to properly recover.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, Insects, Mollusks, Crustaceans

Animal physiologists study how animals react to internal and external elements in their environment, such as temperature, air quality, disease, diet and poisons.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, Insects, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​​Animal research technicians are responsible for caring for animals that are being studied or researched. Also known as animal care technicians.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals

​​Animal welfare inspectors investigate alleged reports of animal cruelty or neglect, and may also rescue or collect animals at risk of harm.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Farm Animals

​An artificial insemination technician is normally a qualified person that assists farmers to inseminate certain female animals. Artificial insemination is used for various reasons, mostly to allow a female to be impregnated with the semen of a high value or prized male to increase the value of livestock.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Wildlife

​Biosecurity officers check areas of land for harmful animals or plants and arrange for, or help with, pest destruction and control.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Dogs

​​Canine hydrotherapists use water to help dogs recover after surgery, or which might have a chronic illness.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Farm Animals, Mammals

A cheese producers is a person who processes the milk from one of several kinds of mammals (mostly cows) to create cheese and other related products.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Farm Animals, Mammals

A Diary Scientist works with the milk of one or several kinds of mammals, to ensure that the milk is save for human consumption, and can be processed into other dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds

​An endocrinologist deals with the diagnosis, treatment and animal management of diseases related to hormones. Also known as endocrine researcher or specialists.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds

​An embryologist does all the necessary research in fertilization, including the areas of embryo creation, IVF (in vitro fertilization), cloning, and transgenic animal production.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​Environmental toxicologists study the effects of toxic chemicals on organisms (including animals) in their natural environments, as well as the ecosystems they belong to. Also known as a ecotoxicologist.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Fish

​A fish hatchery technician specializes in breeding specific species of fish (like salmon), egg production, tank maintenance, disease prevention and nutrition.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Birds, Fish

A food preservation scientist helps to determine how food (for animals or humans) must be produced and packaged to ensure that it stays fresh and healthy to eat.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Degree

Animal Species: Farm Animals, Fish

A Food Science Worker is a professional who assists in the production and quality tests of food or beverages made from animals.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Insects

​​A forensic entomologist studies the appearance and different kinds of insects (or their larvae) that accumulate on dead tissue (human or animal). By studying these insects they can solve different and very important questions.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals

​A holistic health specialist uses alternative medicine and techniques to treat animals, mostly pets.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Insects

A honey producer is a person that farms with bees in order to harvest their raw honey, which is sold raw or processed.

NB! This is a double career, as honey producers also can process and sell the bees wax.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Critters, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, Insects, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​​Infectious animal disease specialists help other animal doctors by studying and diagnosing infectious diseases within animals, which might be caused by things like bacteria or parasites.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Reptiles, Amphibians, Arachnids, Insects, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​Laboratory animal technicians are responsible for caring for animals that are being studied or researched within a laboratory. Also known as animal care technicians.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Farm Animals, Wildlife

A meat processing worker performs a wide range of tasks, including handling, processing livestock, operating equipment, packing and dispatching products.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

A medical device sales representative is responsible for selling a company’s manufactured medical devices to potential customers.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctorate Degree

Animal Species: Insects

A medical entomologist studies how insects can transmit specific diseases which can negatively impact human health.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctorate Degree

Animal Species: Worms, Insects, Arachnids

A medical parasitologist studies how parasites (microscopic animals, worms and arthropods) can transmit diseases that can negatively impact human health.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Insects

A military entomologist uses the knowledge gained on insects to research new infectious diseases and keep military personnel healthy from these diseases. They are uniformed officers who are part of a team of preventative medicine professionals.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Farm Animals

A Milk Tester is one of the careers that fall under the Food Science Worker category, and is a professional who assists in the production and quality tests of milk.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Fish, Birds

​​An organic treat maker produces treats made with organic food and vitamins for mostly domesticated animals.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Fish, Birds

​A pet food manufacturer works in different roles within a large pet food company. They assist in producing pet food (wet and dry) made with organic food and vitamins for domesticated animals.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Fish, Birds

​Pet Insurance Brokers are special sales representatives of insurance companies that offer health insurance coverage policies for a variety of pet species. The health insurance is used similar to what we have as humans, in case of medical expenses and emergency.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​Pharmacologists study the effect that drugs and others substances have on organs, tissues and the bodily functions of animals.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​Pharmacovigilance scientists monitor and evaluate new medicine to ensure there are no adverse effects before it is prescribed to veterinarians.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals

​​​A raw food manufacturer produces pet food made from only raw ingredients.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals

They assist animal therapists with the wellbeing of animals that have to be rehabilitated after surgical procedures. Works under the supervision of a licensed physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, or occupational therapist.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​​A reproductive specialist is a type of doctor or veterinarian that studies the reproduction of animals and assists animal owners to ensure healthy reproduction.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Spiders, Scorpions, Snakes and various kinds of poisonous animals

​A venom milker is a specialist who is able to extract venom from snakes and spiders so that scientists can use it to create anti-venom or for medical research.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Spiders, Scorpions, Snakes and various kinds of poisonous animals

​A venom researcher extracts venom from various kinds of animals (such as snakes, scorpions, spiders) in order to study the composition of the venom, as well as to research possible uses for the venom in treating human health conditions.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals

​​A veterinarian is an animal doctor that treats animals for various kinds of illnesses.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​A veterinary assistant helps take care of animals while at the veterinary clinic.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctorate Degree

Animal Species: Insects

A veterinary entomologist works on ways to protect livestock, wildlife, and zoo animals from insect pests and the dangerous diseases they might carry.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Mollusks, Crustaceans

​​A veterinary nurse assists a veterinarian with various roles within a clinic.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

A veterinary pharmaceutical sales rep market animal medicines and products to all kinds of veterinarians or places where animals may be treated.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Insects, Arachnids, Worms

​A veterinary parasitologist studies how parasites can transmit specific diseases which can negatively impact animal health.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​Veterinary technicians provide assistance to veterinarians in diagnosis and procedures, or laboratories in performing important research.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

Veterinary technologist is similar in functions to a Veterinary Technician, but due to the longer studies, are allowed to perform more functions independent of a veterinarian.

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Minimum Entry Level: Bachelor’s Degree

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Insects

​A wildlife forensics specialist is a scientist who uses chemical techniques to investigate wildlife crimes. These scientists analyze animals, animal parts and products, and other evidence collected by wildlife inspectors and other officials.

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Minimum Entry Level: High School Certificate

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, Insects

​Wildlife inspectors are the government officials who have to inspect imports and exports of live animals and goods to ensure everything is legal. They also routinely inspect luggage of passengers to ensure that they do not smuggle animal or plant material into another country.

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Minimum Entry Level: College Diploma

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​A wildlife rehabilitator helps injured or orphaned wildlife until they can return to their natural habitat.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​A wildlife veterinarian is an animal doctor that specializes in treating wildlife.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Fish, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​A zoo veterinarian is an animal doctor that specializes with wildlife that are kept within a zoo enclosure.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals

​​A zoological dentist is a veterinarian that specializes in the health of animal teeth.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Cats, Dogs, Critters, Farm Animals, Mammals, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​A zoological medicine specialist is a veterinarian that specializes in the specific use of different kinds of medicine for wildlife.

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Minimum Entry Level: Doctoral Degree

Animal Species: Mammals, Marine Mammals, Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians

​​A zoopharmacognisist is an expert on the natural plants that wildlife eat to treat themselves against certain illnesses.

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Do you have a question or input regarding the Animal Care Category? We would love to hear from you!

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