Exciting Careers Searching for the world’s most Mysterious Animals

Cryptozoologist Art


The natural world has long captivated the human imagination, with mysteries lurking in unexplored corners of our planet. One field that delves into the realm of the unknown is cryptozoology—a discipline centred around the study of creatures that exist in the collective consciousness but have yet to be scientifically proven. As we journey into the mysteries of undiscovered species, we uncover the fascinating world of cryptozoology and the various careers that involve exploring the uncharted territories of the animal kingdom.

Wildlife Vet

What is Cryptozoology?

Cryptozoology, derived from the Greek words “kryptos” (hidden) and “zoology” (the study of animals), is the study of creatures that are reported to exist based on anecdotal evidence, folklore, or other unverified sources. Unlike mainstream zoology, which focuses on scientifically recognized species, cryptozoology explores the realms of mystery and speculation. Cryptids, the creatures studied in cryptozoology, can range from legendary beings like Bigfoot and the Loch Ness Monster to lesser-known entities reported in local folklore.

While cryptozoology is often regarded with skepticism by the scientific community due to the lack of empirical evidence, it continues to capture the interest of enthusiasts and researchers alike. Cryptozoologists, the individuals engaged in this field, often embark on expeditions, investigate eyewitness accounts, and analyze folklore to unravel the mysteries surrounding these elusive creatures.

The Search for Undiscovered Species

How important are anecdotal evidence and folklore in searching for mysterious species?

Anecdotal evidence and folklore play a significant role in the world of cryptozoology. Unlike traditional scientific disciplines that rely on empirical data and reproducible experiments, cryptozoologists often rely on eyewitness accounts, local legends, and oral traditions passed down through generations. While such evidence may lack the rigor of scientific scrutiny, it serves as a starting point for exploration and investigation.

Folklore, in particular, provides cultural context and historical perspectives that guide cryptozoologists in their quests. Local stories and traditions often contain kernels of truth, leading researchers to specific regions where alleged cryptid sightings have occurred. The intersection of science and storytelling is a unique aspect of cryptozoology, allowing researchers to navigate the fine line between skepticism and open-minded exploration.

A reproduction of the petroglyphs at Painted Rock.
A reproduction of the petroglyphs at Painted Rock - Source: Wikipedia.org

Examples of mysterious species found and some not found yet

Over the years, some creatures once considered cryptids have been discovered, blurring the lines between myth and reality. One notable example is the coelacanth, a prehistoric fish thought to have gone extinct around 66 million years ago. In 1938, a living coelacanth was caught off the coast of South Africa, challenging scientific assumptions and highlighting the potential for the unexpected in the natural world.

Live coelacanth off Pumula on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast, South Africa, 2019 - Source: Wikipedia.org

However, numerous cryptids remain elusive and unverified. The search for these mysterious species continues to captivate the imagination of cryptozoologists and the general public. Creatures like Bigfoot, the Yeti, and the Chupacabra remain iconic figures in cryptozoology, with reported sightings and encounters fueling ongoing investigations. The vastness of unexplored habitats, from dense jungles to remote mountain ranges, provides ample opportunities for the discovery of new and unknown species.

But the search for the undiscovered is not only within cryptozoology, as there are several other scientific fields engaged in the search.

Biologists and ecologists generally agree that a significant portion of earth’s biodiversity remains undiscovered, particularly in less-explored regions such as deep ocean environments, remote rainforests, and underground ecosystems. 

According to some estimates, scientists have formally described and catalogued around 1.7 million species of plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. However, the total number of living species on earth is believed to be much higher, with some experts suggesting that it could range from 5 million to over 10 million species.

The majority of undiscovered species are thought to be small invertebrates, fungi, and microorganisms that inhabit complex and often hard-to-reach ecosystems. In recent years, advancements in scientific techniques, such as DNA sequencing and environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis, have facilitated the discovery of new species and contributed to our understanding of microbial diversity.

Capitojoppa amazonica
A new species of Darwin wasp found in 2023 - Source: discovermagazine.com

Ongoing efforts, including biodiversity surveys, environmental monitoring, and exploration of previously inaccessible areas, continue to expand our knowledge of Earth’s species. The Census of Marine Life and initiatives like the Barcode of Life project are examples of global efforts to document and catalogue biodiversity.

Careers Similar to Cryptozoologists

While cryptozoology itself may not be recognized as a mainstream scientific discipline, there are several related fields and careers that involve the exploration and study of unknown or undiscovered species:


Zoologists study the behavior, classification, and distribution of animals. While mainstream zoology focuses on known species, zoologists may also contribute to the discovery and understanding of lesser-known creatures.

Wildlife Biologist:

Wildlife biologists focus on the study of wild animals and their ecosystems. They may engage in field research, tracking animal populations, and working towards the conservation of natural habitats.


Ecologists study the relationships between organisms and their environments, contributing to our understanding of biodiversity and ecosystems. Some ecologists may work in unexplored or remote areas, searching for new species.

Marine Biologist:

Marine biologists explore ocean life, including the potential discovery of new or rare marine creatures in the deep sea. The vastness of the ocean provides ample opportunities for finding unknown species.


Palaeontologists study fossils to understand past life forms. While not focused on living cryptids, palaeontologists share an interest in uncovering information about previously unknown or extinct species.


Ethologists study animal behaviour in their natural environments. Although most ethologists focus on known species, some may explore the behaviours of less well-known or studied animals.


Individuals involved in exploration may come across new species or evidence of previously unknown animals during their travels. This could include researchers, photographers, or documentary filmmakers.


Ethnobiologists study the relationships between human cultures and their environment, with a specific emphasis on the ways in which different societies perceive, interact with, and utilise living organisms.

Environmental Consultant:

Environmental consultants assess the impact of human activities on ecosystems, sometimes working on projects that involve the discovery or protection of endangered or little-known species.

What should high school students do to create a path towards these careers?

For high school students aspiring to enter careers related to the discovery and study of unknown species, there are several steps they can take to build a solid foundation:

Focus on Science and Biology Courses:

Take advanced science and biology courses to build a strong understanding of the principles that govern life forms and ecosystems.

Participate in Extracurricular Activities:

Join science clubs, wildlife organisations, or environmental groups to gain hands-on experience and exposure to various aspects of the natural world.

Develop Strong Research and Observation Skills:

Hone research and observation skills by participating in science fairs, conducting independent projects, or volunteering with local research initiatives.

Pursue Internships or Volunteer Opportunities:

Seek internships or volunteer opportunities with wildlife sanctuaries, environmental organisations, or research institutions to gain practical experience in the field.

Build a Diverse Skill Set:

Develop a diverse skill set, including proficiency in data analysis, fieldwork techniques, and scientific communication, to excel in a variety of roles within the field.

Stay Informed and Curious:

Stay informed about current developments in biology, ecology, and environmental science. Cultivate a curious mindset that drives a passion for exploration and discovery.

Pursue Higher Education:

Consider pursuing a degree in biology, zoology, ecology, or a related field at the university level to gain specialised knowledge and access to research opportunities.

Network with Professionals:

Attend conferences, workshops, and seminars to network with professionals in the field. Building connections can open doors to mentorship and potential research collaborations.

Gain Field Experience:

Seek opportunities for field experience, whether through organised expeditions, field courses, or research projects. Practical experience in diverse environments enhances adaptability and problem-solving skills.

In the quest to uncover the mysteries of the natural world, cryptozoology stands as a unique and captivating field that bridges the gap between science and folklore. While the existence of many cryptids remains speculative, the exploration of unknown or undiscovered species is a legitimate and valuable pursuit within various scientific disciplines.

The careers associated with the search for undiscovered species offer diverse pathways for individuals passionate about unravelling the secrets of our planet. Whether through traditional scientific research, exploration, or environmental conservation, these careers contribute to our understanding of biodiversity and the interconnectedness of life on Earth.

As high school students embark on their educational journey, fostering a love for science, curiosity, and a commitment to environmental stewardship can pave the way towards a future in these exciting and dynamic fields. In the ever-evolving landscape of scientific discovery, the spirit of exploration and the pursuit of the unknown continue to drive humanity towards a deeper understanding of the world we inhabit.

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