Enrichment Officer Career Profile

How do I become a Enrichment Officer?

READ: This page helps you to read about the career and the info you need to decide on whether this is indeed the career you want to follow.

RESEARCH: ​Learn about the skills required and minimum subjects to enter this career, as well as the places where you can study further after school.

PREPARE: If you want to plan and prepare for the career, then join the OZT Community! Members have access to tools, while chatting with other students and experts from around the world. Prepare to be amazed!


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UPDATED: 15 June 2023


What is an Enrichment Officer?

An Enrichment Officer creates and implements species-specific activities such as focused exercises and motions to assist the animals in their daily lives.

Wildlife 1

Alternative Names

Enrichment Officers can be found in various industries. Their positions or purpose can at times be found in their specific job titles, such as:

  • Animal Enrichment Technician
  • Animal Enrichment Coordinator
  • Animal Experience Enrichment Specialist
  • Animal Shelter Enrichment Specialist
  • Pet Enrichment Specialist
  • Zoo Enrichment Officer

Career Categories

The Enrichment Officer falls within the following Career Categories:

  • Animal Care
  • Business
  • Zoo, Aquariums, Museums and Amusement Parks

Types of Animal Enrichment?

There are several types, including: Habitat, Physical, Cognitive, Sensory, Food, Toys

Where did they start?

The significance of enrichment was first identified and used in the early 1900's

What does an Enrichment Officer do?

Groups of animals an Enrichment Officer works with

Cats List Icon
Dogs List Icon OZT
Critters List Icon OZT
Farm Animals Icon OZT
Farm Animals
Mammals List Icon OZT
Birds List Icon OZT
Reptiles List Icon OZT

What is the level of Interaction with the Animals?

With who does an Enrichment Officer work?

Besides working with all of the animals, Enrichment Officers will need to interact with other people while doing their daily tasks. The people might include fellow staff members or the public.

Fellow staff might include:

  • Management
  • Operational staff, such as Human Resources, Finance and Maintenance
  • Zoo Keepers, Kennel staff, Animal Nutritionists etc

What do Enrichment Officers focus on?

An Enrichment Officer will focus on using knowledge of a specific species to develop and implement special activity programs. The programs are meant to enhance the daily lives and routines of the animals and might be solely physical exercises, or even stimulating hunting and feeding habits.

For example, Enrichment Officers working at a kennel might assist in the daily exercises of domesticated animals to ensure they stay active and healthy. Where a Zoo Enrichment Officer might work out ways to Mimic the movement of Prey to assist captive predators such as lions to use their natural instincts to hunt for food.

What are the daily tasks of Enrichment Officers?

  • Perform animal behavior assessments
  • Consult with supervisors/managers about enrichment activities
  • Design, make and distribute physical enrichment items
  • Create support programs for animals with behavior challenges
  • Coordinate activities with other staff and with outside agencies
  • Maintain databases and compile and write reports of enrichment outcomes
  • Train other staff in using enrichment tools and techniques

In which Environment does an Enrichment Officer work in?

What are the environment and places of employment like?


It all depends on the type of enrichment officer, but most will perform their duties outdoors where the animals can move around and be monitored.

Places of Employment –

Enrichment Officers are employed by government, research institutions, academia, sanctuaries, zoos, aquariums and theme parks.

What is the Average Salary for an Enrichment Officer?

The average annual salary of Enrichment Officers is around US$42,000 per year. Those with experience can earn more. The income will differ, depending on the employer, country and currency.

Specific Countries:

Can Enrichment Officers be promoted?

Promotions to senior levels are available in all related animal careers. The levels of each promotion might differ from organization to organization, but generally are the following:

Intern > Junior Enrichment Officer > Enrichment Specialist > Manager/Director

What difficulties do Enrichment Officers face?

​The most difficult part of this career is understanding the behaviour of each species and that some might be dangerous to handle directly. You may also be required to work irregular hours including evenings, weekends, and holidays.

Future Growth and Possibilities of the Career

​The prospects of future growth in this industry is generally slow, mainly due to the limited number of employing facilities. A higher level of studies is required to secure good jobs.

Availability of Jobs


Which Skills do Enrichment Officers need?

The skills required for a career as an Enrichment Officer can be divided into two very important groups. The first is the group containing life skills, which are the core skills that are necessary or desirable for full participation in everyday life. The second group is career skills, or the specific skills required to allow a person to enter and operate effectively within a specific career. Some or maybe even all of the life skills can assist in strengthening the career skills, and they might even be the same for specific careers.

Life Skills

  • Self-awareness
  • Empathy
  • Critical thinking
  • Creative thinking
  • Decision making
  • Problem Solving
  • Effective communication
  • Interpersonal relationship
Life Skills

Career Skills

  • Animal Care
  • Animal Handling
  • Handling Equipment
  • Basic customer service skills
  • Good health and physical fitness
  • Basic computer literacy
Career Skills

Which Subjects must I have at School?

The subjects you choose at school are important as they lay the foundation for further studies at college or university. While still at school, it’s also important to learn more about the animals you will work with, as well as gain some experience.

OZT has a list of various tertiary institutions where you can study further, after school. Each of these institutions also have their own Group page on OZT where you will find the exact subjects they require of you to have passed in school. Keep these requirements in mind, and discuss it with your school, guidance counselor and parents to ensure that you are prepared!

What will I need to Study to become an Enrichment Officer?

Minimum educational qualification

The minimum educational requirement to become an Enrichment Officer is a High School Certificate. But, most institutions such as zoos will require additional learning with either a qualified college diploma or university degree.

Subject focus

Major –

In general a degree in Animal Management or Animal Science with subjects covering zoology is recommended. You can then branch out towards a specialist field in specific species behaviour.

Short Courses –

Courses in animal management and behaviouur, animal nutrition, animal first aid.

Study duration

The duration of most Bachelor’s Degrees are between 3 and 4 years full time. The duration of short courses differ, but can range from a few days to a few months.

​Possible Career Preparation Paths

If this is your dream career that you want to pursue, then it’s important to plan the way forward.

Why is planning important?

​To ensure that you understand the requirements for your career, and that you are always prepared for the next step on the road towards your dream. A Preparation Path is like your road map to where you want to be.

Possible Paths:

Possible Combined career paths

It is possible to sometimes combine two or more related careers. This normally happens when you study and practice a specific main career, but the knowledge and experience gained also help you to have a paying hobby or secondary income career.

Possible Alternative(s):

Stepping Stone Career

Being an animal enrichment officer can also be used as a stepping stone career. A stepping stone career is one which is used to help you get to another career, normally because the other career is too difficult to reach (sometimes due to things like high study fees etc).

You can begin as an intern enrichment officer after basic short courses and expert guidance (maybe working under a mentor). The money made can then be used to pay for studies towards a promotion or another career, and the experience helps in gaining knowledge. One paying to help get to the other.

Some of the possible paths:

Training and Apprenticeship

Even though it is important to study to get into some of the animal careers, most of required skills will be acquired through on-the-job training. This means that you will learn how to perform some of the daily tasks by actually doing it a few times and learning the steps.

In some cases entry level positions require training sessions even before you are allowed to actually perform your job duties. These sessions are offered by the place of employment, after you have successfully applied.

Join the Enrichment Officers Group in the Community to learn more and even interact with the educational institutions that will help you secure your dream career!

Average level of education of those entering the career:

High School Certificate 0%
Diploma or Short Courses 0%
Degree or Higher Studies 0%

Licenses, Certifications, Registrations and Professional Associations

Although certain animal caregiver careers do require some form of legal certification to prove that you can indeed do the work, and do it well, it’s not generally required to become an animal keeper.

Many places of employment will require a drivers licenses for keepers that might have to transport animals.

Learn more about these specific requirements by joining the Enrichment Officers Group in the One Zoo Tree Community.

Where can I study further?

All of the above information will help you understand more about the Career, including the fact that there are different paths to take to reach it. But if you are almost done with High School (Grades 11 or 12), you also need to start thinking about further studies, and WHERE you will study.

See the List of Universities, Colleges and Online Training Academies who offer courses towards animal care, nutrition and enrichment

Professional Associations

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Do you have information that you would like to contribute to this career?

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Join the OZT Community and our career Group

Join us as a special member and learn more about becoming an Enrichment Officer.

Members of the Platform have special access to:

  • Info on the best places where you can study (colleges, universities and online)
  • Expertly designed advice to prepare you for the career, and links to places where you can gain valuable experience. For some career experience is necessary, otherwise you wont get the job!
  • Top notch info on each of the different species you will work with
  • Make friends around the world and share knowledge 
  • Compete and win points, badges, games, prizes and certificates. Be the best of the best, while you learn and prepare!

If you have decided on being an Enrichment Officer and want to join our Community, or you are already a member, please click on the JOIN GROUP button.

If this career is NOT the career for you, then you may return to the MAIN CAREER menu to start a new search and learn about a different career. 

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