Career as a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator

Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator Career Profile

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18 June 2024

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What is a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator?

A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator is a professional who specializes in managing and mitigating conflicts between human populations and wildlife. This role is critical in areas where human activities intersect with wildlife habitats, leading to potential or actual conflicts that can harm both people and animals.

Guide to working with Elephants

Alternative Names

Alternative names for a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator include:

  • Human-Wildlife Conflict Manager
  • Wildlife Conflict Specialist
  • Wildlife Conflict Mitigation Officer
  • Human-Wildlife Interaction Specialist
  • Wildlife Conflict Resolution Officer
  • Human-Wildlife Coexistence Coordinator
  • Wildlife Conflict Prevention Specialist
  • Human-Wildlife Liaison
  • Wildlife Conflict Response Coordinator
  • Conservation Conflict Officer

These titles can vary based on the specific focus of the role and the organization employing the individual.

Career Categories

The Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator career can be found within the following OZT career categories:

  • Farming and Livestock Management
  • Wildlife Conservation

What does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator do?

Groups of animals a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator works with

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A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator works with a variety of animals, depending on the region and specific conflict scenarios. Some common types of animals they may work with include:

Large Carnivores:

  • Lions
  • Tigers
  • Bears
  • Wolves
  • Leopards
  • Cougars


  • Elephants
  • Deer
  • Elk
  • Moose
  • Wild boars
  • Kangaroos


  • Monkeys
  • Baboons
  • Chimpanzees


  • Raptors (eagles, hawks)
  • Vultures
  • Large waterfowl (geese, swans)
  • Pigeons and other urban birds


  • Crocodiles
  • Alligators
  • Snakes (particularly those in human settlements)

Marine Animals:

  • Seals and sea lions
  • Dolphins
  • Sharks


  • Beavers
  • Rats and mice (in urban settings)


  • Bees (in cases of beekeeping and human interaction)
  • Locusts and other agricultural pests

The specific animals a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator works with can vary widely depending on the local wildlife and the types of conflicts that arise in that area.

What is the level of Interaction with the Animals?

With whom does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator work?

A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator collaborates with a variety of stakeholders to effectively manage and mitigate conflicts between humans and wildlife. Key collaborators include:

Local Communities:

  • Farmers and ranchers
  • Residents in conflict-prone areas
  • Indigenous peoples

Government Agencies:

  • Wildlife and natural resource departments
  • Environmental protection agencies
  • Law enforcement and public safety departments
  • Local and regional government officials

Conservation Organizations:

  • Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) focused on wildlife conservation
  • International conservation bodies
  • Local environmental groups

Scientists and Researchers:

  • Wildlife biologists
  • Ecologists
  • Conservation scientists
  • Academic researchers

Businesses and Industry:

  • Agricultural businesses
  • Forestry companies
  • Tourism operators, especially those related to wildlife tourism

Educational Institutions:

  • Schools and universities for educational outreach and research collaboration
  • Extension services for community education and support

Media and Public Relations:

  • Journalists and media outlets for raising awareness and disseminating information
  • Public relations professionals for crafting communication strategies

Veterinarians and Animal Health Experts:

  • Wildlife veterinarians
  • Animal welfare organizations

Policy Makers and Legislators:

  • Politicians and policy advisors involved in environmental and wildlife legislation

Volunteers and Interns:

  • Individuals participating in conservation programs
  • Community volunteers helping with mitigation efforts

Collaboration with these stakeholders is essential for a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator to develop and implement effective strategies for managing human-wildlife interactions and promoting coexistence.

What does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator focus on?

The single most important focus of a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator is to ensure the sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife. This involves balancing the needs of human communities with the conservation and protection of wildlife species. By implementing effective conflict mitigation strategies, promoting community engagement, and fostering understanding, a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator aims to reduce negative interactions, safeguard biodiversity, and enhance the well-being of both people and wildlife.

What are the daily tasks of a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator?

The daily tasks of a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can vary widely based on the specific context and location of their work, but typically include a mix of fieldwork, community engagement, data analysis, and administrative duties. Here are some common daily tasks:

Fieldwork and Monitoring

Site Visits:

  • Conducting visits to areas where human-wildlife conflicts have been reported.
  • Assessing damage caused by wildlife and gathering evidence.

Wildlife Monitoring:

  • Tracking and observing wildlife populations to understand their movements and behaviors.
  • Installing and maintaining camera traps, GPS collars, and other monitoring equipment.

Mitigation Implementation:

  • Setting up barriers, fencing, and other deterrents to prevent wildlife from entering human areas.
  • Implementing non-lethal methods to deter wildlife, such as noise makers or scent repellents.

Community Engagement and Education

Community Meetings:

  • Holding meetings with local communities to discuss conflict issues and potential solutions.
  • Educating residents on how to avoid attracting wildlife and what to do during encounters.

Workshops and Training:

  • Organizing and conducting workshops to teach conflict mitigation techniques.
  • Training local community members and volunteers in wildlife monitoring and response strategies.

Data Collection and Analysis

Data Gathering:

  • Collecting data on wildlife sightings, conflict incidents, and mitigation outcomes.
  • Conducting surveys and interviews with affected communities to gather qualitative data.

Data Analysis:

  • Analyzing data to identify trends, hotspots, and effectiveness of mitigation measures.
  • Preparing reports and maps to visualize conflict areas and progress.

Policy and Coordination


  • Working with government agencies, conservation organizations, and other stakeholders to coordinate conflict management efforts.
  • Participating in meetings and workshops with other professionals in the field.

Policy Development:

  • Assisting in the creation and implementation of policies and regulations aimed at reducing human-wildlife conflicts.
  • Advocating for wildlife-friendly practices in local and regional planning processes.

Emergency Response

Incident Response:

  • Responding to urgent conflict incidents, such as wildlife entering human settlements or threatening livestock.
  • Coordinating with local authorities and community members to manage the situation safely.

Administrative Duties


  • Keeping detailed records of conflict incidents, mitigation efforts, and community interactions.
  • Writing reports and proposals for funding and support from various organizations.

Planning and Scheduling:

  • Planning daily and weekly activities, scheduling meetings, and coordinating with team members.
  • Managing budgets and resources for conflict mitigation projects.

Public Relations and Awareness

Media Interaction:

  • Engaging with local media to raise awareness about human-wildlife conflict issues and solutions.
  • Creating educational materials such as brochures, flyers, and social media content.

Public Speaking:

  • Giving presentations at schools, community centers, and conferences to educate the public about coexistence strategies.

These tasks require a diverse skill set, including strong communication, problem-solving abilities, fieldwork expertise, and a deep understanding of both wildlife behavior and human social dynamics.

With what kind of tools and technology (if any) does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator work?

A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator uses a variety of tools and technologies to effectively manage and mitigate conflicts between humans and wildlife. These tools and technologies assist in monitoring wildlife, deterring animals from human areas, collecting data, and educating communities. Here are some common tools and technologies they may work with:

Monitoring and Tracking Tools

GPS Collars and Tags:

Used to track the movements of wildlife in real-time, helping to understand their behavior and migration patterns.

Camera Traps:

Motion-activated cameras that capture images or videos of wildlife, providing data on species presence and activity without human presence.


Unmanned aerial vehicles used for aerial surveys, monitoring wildlife movements, and assessing habitat conditions.

Radio Telemetry:

Using radio transmitters and receivers to track wildlife movements and locate animals in the field.

Acoustic Monitoring Devices:

Recording devices that capture wildlife sounds to monitor species presence and activity, especially useful for nocturnal animals.

Deterrent and Mitigation Tools

Fencing and Barriers:

Physical barriers such as electric fences or exclusion nets to keep wildlife away from human areas, livestock, or crops.

Wildlife Corridors:

Designated pathways that facilitate safe wildlife movement between habitats, reducing the likelihood of conflicts.

Repellents and Deterrents:

Chemical or natural repellents that deter wildlife from entering certain areas.
Noise and light deterrents such as air horns, flashing lights, or automated scarecrows.


Ropes with flags or streamers used to deter carnivores like wolves from approaching livestock areas.

Data Collection and Analysis Tools

Geographic Information Systems (GIS):

Software for mapping and analyzing spatial data related to wildlife movements and conflict zones.

Database Management Systems:

Tools for organizing and analyzing large datasets on conflict incidents, wildlife sightings, and mitigation efforts.

Survey Tools:

Mobile apps and software for conducting field surveys, recording observations, and collecting community feedback.

Remote Sensing:

Satellite imagery and aerial photography to monitor land-use changes, habitat conditions, and wildlife distributions.

Communication and Education Tools

Public Address Systems:

Equipment for making announcements and conducting educational sessions in community gatherings.

Educational Materials:

Brochures, posters, and flyers that provide information on conflict mitigation and wildlife conservation.

Multimedia Presentations:

Tools for creating and delivering presentations, such as projectors, laptops, and presentation software.

Emergency Response Tools

Tranquilizer Guns and Capture Equipment:

Used for safely capturing and relocating problematic wildlife.

First Aid Kits:

Medical supplies for treating injured wildlife and humans in conflict situations.

Transport Vehicles:

Vehicles equipped for safely transporting wildlife or responding quickly to conflict incidents.

Collaboration and Coordination Tools

Communication Devices:

Radios, satellite phones, and other communication tools to stay in touch with team members and stakeholders in remote areas.

Project Management Software:

Tools for planning, scheduling, and managing conflict mitigation projects and activities.

By using these tools and technologies, a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can effectively monitor wildlife, implement mitigation strategies, engage with communities, and respond to conflict situations, ultimately promoting coexistence between humans and wildlife.

What are the different specialisations or career directions that a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can venture into?

Specialisation within a specific animal-related career refers to the area of expertise that professionals can develop within that specific field. For example, an animal groomer that specialises in horses, or a veterinarian that specialises in working with marine mammals.

A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can venture into several specialized areas or career directions, depending on their interests, skills, and experiences. Some potential specializations or career paths include:

Wildlife Biology and Ecology:

  • Focusing on the study of wildlife populations, behaviors, and ecosystems.
  • Conducting research on species-specific conflict dynamics.

Conservation Policy and Advocacy:

  • Working on developing and advocating for policies that promote sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife.
  • Engaging in lobbying and policy-making processes at local, regional, or national levels.

Community Outreach and Education:

  • Specializing in education programs to raise awareness about human-wildlife conflicts and promote coexistence strategies.
  • Working with schools, communities, and organizations to disseminate knowledge and best practices.

Wildlife Management:

  • Developing and implementing strategies for managing wildlife populations in conflict-prone areas.
  • Working on habitat restoration and land-use planning to minimize conflicts.

Conflict Resolution and Mediation:

  • Specializing in conflict resolution techniques to mediate between conflicting human and wildlife interests.
  • Facilitating dialogues and negotiations between stakeholders to find mutually acceptable solutions.

Veterinary Medicine and Wildlife Health:

  • Focusing on the health and well-being of wildlife, particularly in conflict situations.
  • Providing medical care and rehabilitation for injured animals and managing wildlife diseases.

Research and Data Analysis:

  • Conducting scientific research on human-wildlife interactions and conflict mitigation techniques.
  • Analyzing data to identify trends and develop evidence-based strategies for conflict management.

Environmental Law and Enforcement:

  • Specializing in the legal aspects of wildlife conservation and human-wildlife conflict.
  • Working with law enforcement and legal institutions to ensure compliance with wildlife protection laws.

Technology and Innovation:

  • Developing and applying technological solutions to monitor wildlife and prevent conflicts.
  • Using tools such as GPS tracking, drones, and automated deterrents to manage wildlife movements.

Wildlife Tourism Management:

  • Focusing on managing wildlife tourism in a way that minimizes conflicts and promotes sustainable interactions.
  • Developing guidelines and practices for responsible wildlife tourism.

Agricultural and Land-Use Planning:

  • Working with agricultural communities to develop practices that reduce conflicts with wildlife.
  • Planning land use in a way that considers wildlife corridors and habitats.

Emergency Response and Crisis Management:

  • Specializing in responding to acute human-wildlife conflict incidents.
  • Developing and coordinating emergency response plans to address immediate threats to human or animal safety.

Each of these specializations allows a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator to focus on different aspects of human-wildlife interactions, contributing to the overall goal of reducing conflicts and promoting harmonious coexistence.

In which environment does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator work in?

What are the environment and places of employment like?

A Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator works in a variety of environments, both indoors and outdoors, depending on their specific duties and the nature of the conflicts they are addressing. Here’s an overview of their typical working environments and places of employment:

Indoor Working Environments


Headquarters or Regional Offices: Coordinators often work from an office where they perform administrative tasks, data analysis, and report writing.
Government Buildings: Employed by governmental wildlife or environmental agencies, they may have office space within these buildings.

Research Institutions:

Working in academic or research institutions involves conducting studies, analyzing data, and collaborating with researchers and students.

Educational Facilities:

Conducting workshops, seminars, and educational programs in schools, community centers, and universities.

Community Centers:

Engaging with local communities through meetings and workshops, often held in community centers or town halls.

Conservation Organization Offices:

Working for NGOs or international conservation bodies from their offices, handling project management, fundraising, and policy advocacy.

Outdoor Working Environments

Field Sites:

Wildlife Habitats: Spending time in forests, savannas, wetlands, or other natural habitats to monitor wildlife and implement mitigation measures.
Conflict Zones: Visiting areas where human-wildlife conflicts occur, such as farms, villages, and urban peripheries.

National Parks and Reserves:

Working within protected areas to manage conflicts, monitor wildlife populations, and engage with park staff and visitors.

Agricultural Areas:

Engaging with farmers and ranchers in rural areas to develop and implement conflict mitigation strategies.

Construction and Development Sites:

Overseeing the implementation of wildlife-friendly practices in areas undergoing development to ensure minimal impact on local wildlife.

Coastal and Marine Areas:

Involving coastal communities and industries in managing conflicts with marine wildlife, such as seals, sharks, and dolphins.

Places of Employment

Government Agencies:

Departments of wildlife, environmental protection, natural resources, and agriculture at local, regional, and national levels.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs):

Conservation-focused NGOs that work on wildlife protection, habitat conservation, and community engagement.

Research and Academic Institutions:

Universities and research centers conducting studies on wildlife ecology, human-wildlife interactions, and conflict mitigation.

International Organizations:

Global conservation bodies such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

Private Sector:

Environmental consulting firms and companies in sectors like agriculture, forestry, and tourism that require conflict mitigation expertise.

Community-Based Organizations:

Local groups and cooperatives focused on sustainable development and conservation within specific communities.

Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers:

Facilities that care for injured or displaced wildlife and work on rehabilitating and reintroducing them to the wild.

By working in these varied environments, a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can effectively address the complex challenges of human-wildlife conflicts through a combination of direct fieldwork, community engagement, research, and policy development.

What is the Average Annual Salary for a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator?

The average yearly salary for a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can vary significantly based on factors such as the specific country or region, the level of experience, the employing organization, and local economic conditions. Here are some general estimates for the average yearly salary/wages in specific countries and regions:



$40,000 – $70,000 USD


$45,000 – $65,000 CAD


£25,000 – £40,000 GBP


₹300,000 – ₹700,000 INR


$50,000 – $80,000 AUD

New Zealand:

$45,000 – $70,000 NZD


₦2,000,000 – ₦5,000,000 NGN


KSh 600,000 – KSh 1,200,000 KES

South Africa:

R200,000 – R400,000 ZAR


South America:

$15,000 – $30,000 USD (varies widely by country)


€30,000 – €50,000 EUR (varies widely by country)

Southeast Asia:

$10,000 – $25,000 USD (varies widely by country)


USA and Canada:

Salaries can be higher for positions within government agencies or large NGOs.

UK and Europe:

Salaries vary significantly between Western and Eastern European countries.

India, Southeast Asia, and Africa:

Salaries are generally lower compared to Western countries but vary widely depending on the organization and funding.

Australia and New Zealand:

Salaries tend to be competitive and reflect the cost of living.

Nigeria, Kenya, and South Africa:

Salaries can vary significantly depending on whether the position is with an international NGO, government agency, or local organization.

These figures are approximate and can vary based on additional factors such as the cost of living, the demand for such roles in specific regions, and the availability of funding for conservation projects.

Can a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator be promoted?

Prominent promotion levels for a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator often involve increasing levels of responsibility, expertise, and leadership. Below are three to four promotion levels with details on education, responsibilities, and certification requirements:

Entry-Level: Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator


Bachelor’s degree in wildlife biology, ecology, environmental science, or a related field.
Relevant coursework in conservation biology, animal behavior, and conflict resolution.


Conducting fieldwork to monitor wildlife and assess conflict situations.
Implementing basic conflict mitigation strategies.
Engaging with local communities to educate them on coexistence practices.
Collecting and analyzing data on human-wildlife interactions.


Certifications in wildlife handling, GIS, and conflict resolution (optional but beneficial).

Mid-Level: Senior Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator


Bachelor’s degree required, Master’s degree preferred in wildlife biology, ecology, environmental science, or a related field.


Leading field teams and coordinating conflict mitigation projects.
Developing and implementing comprehensive conflict management plans.
Conducting advanced data analysis and reporting findings.
Facilitating community workshops and training sessions.
Collaborating with stakeholders such as government agencies, NGOs, and community leaders.


Advanced certifications in project management, wildlife conservation, and conflict mediation (e.g., Certified Wildlife Biologist from The Wildlife Society).

Upper-Mid-Level: Human-Wildlife Conflict Manager


Master’s degree in wildlife biology, conservation science, environmental management, or a related field.
Extensive experience in the field of human-wildlife conflict.


Overseeing multiple conflict mitigation projects and teams.
Strategic planning and policy development for conflict management.
Securing funding and managing budgets for conservation projects.
Liaising with high-level stakeholders and policymakers.
Publishing research findings and contributing to scientific literature.


Professional certifications in wildlife management, conservation leadership, and advanced GIS (e.g., Certified Conservation Biologist from Society for Conservation Biology).

Top-Level: Director of Human-Wildlife Conflict Programs


Master’s degree or PhD in wildlife biology, conservation science, environmental policy, or a related field.
Extensive professional experience in human-wildlife conflict management and conservation leadership.


Leading the strategic vision and direction for human-wildlife conflict programs.
Managing large-scale, multi-year projects and diverse teams.
Influencing national and international conservation policies and practices.
Representing the organization at high-level meetings, conferences, and forums.
Securing major funding sources and managing organizational budgets.


High-level certifications and memberships in professional organizations (e.g., Fellow of The Wildlife Society, memberships in international conservation bodies).

What difficulties does a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator face?

Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators face a range of challenges in their profession, stemming from the nature of their work and the environments they operate in. These challenges include:

Physical Demands:

  • Fieldwork: Conducting surveys and monitoring wildlife in remote or challenging terrain, which can involve long hikes, rugged landscapes, and exposure to varying weather conditions.
  • Manual Labor: Setting up equipment, installing deterrents, and performing other physical tasks related to conflict mitigation efforts.

Safety Concerns:

  • Animal Encounters: Risk of physical harm from wildlife, especially large carnivores or territorial species, during fieldwork or conflict response.
  • Zoonotic Diseases: Potential exposure to diseases carried by wildlife, requiring precautions and sometimes vaccinations.

Variability in Working Conditions:

  • Environmental Factors: Working in diverse ecosystems and weather conditions, from tropical forests to arid savannas, which can impact comfort and safety.
  • Remote Locations: Limited access to amenities and emergency services in remote field sites.

Emotional Challenges:

  • Ethical Dilemmas: Balancing the conservation needs of wildlife with the livelihoods and safety of human communities affected by conflicts.
  • Witnessing Distress: Dealing with emotionally challenging situations such as injured wildlife or human casualties resulting from conflicts.

Business Management:

  • Funding Uncertainty: Securing funding for projects and navigating grant cycles to sustain ongoing conservation efforts.
  • Budget Management: Allocating resources effectively to meet project goals while adhering to financial constraints.

Regulatory Compliance:

  • Permitting and Regulations: Ensuring compliance with local, national, and international laws governing wildlife conservation, animal welfare, and environmental protection.

Continuing Education:

  • Advancing Skills: Keeping up-to-date with evolving techniques in conflict resolution, wildlife management, and conservation science through training and professional development.
  • Research: Contributing to scientific knowledge through research and publications, which requires staying abreast of current research trends.

Unpredictable Work Hours:

  • Emergency Response: Being on-call to respond to conflict incidents outside regular hours, which can disrupt personal time and work-life balance.
  • Field Seasons: Seasonal variations in wildlife behavior and conflict intensity may require extended fieldwork during peak periods.

Public and Stakeholder Relations:

  • Community Engagement: Building trust and collaboration with diverse stakeholders, including local communities, government agencies, NGOs, and businesses.
  • Communication Challenges: Effectively communicating complex conservation issues and mitigation strategies to varied audiences.

Political and Socioeconomic Factors:

  • Interests Conflict: Negotiating conflicting interests among stakeholders, including economic development versus conservation priorities.
  • Policy Influence: Advocating for evidence-based policies that balance wildlife conservation with human needs in legislative and policy-making forums.

Navigating these challenges requires resilience, adaptability, and a deep commitment to conservation and community welfare. Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators play a critical role in fostering sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife while addressing the complexities and uncertainties inherent in their profession.

​Future growth and Possibilities

The job market for Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators is influenced by several factors, including conservation priorities, environmental policies, and societal attitudes towards wildlife management. While specific projections vary by region and sector, here are some insights into the current trends and possibilities that may shape the future of the industry:

Projected Annual Growth

Demand for Conservation Professionals:

  • There is a growing recognition of the need for effective management of human-wildlife conflicts globally.
  • As human populations expand and habitats shrink, conflicts with wildlife are expected to increase, driving the demand for professionals who can mitigate these conflicts.

Government and NGO Initiatives:

  • Many governments and non-governmental organizations are investing in wildlife conservation and conflict resolution programs.
  • This investment is likely to lead to an increased demand for skilled professionals, including Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators.

Technological Advancements:

  • Advances in technology, such as remote sensing, GPS tracking, and drones, are enhancing monitoring and mitigation efforts.
  • Professionals who can leverage these technologies effectively will be in high demand.

Current Trends and Possibilities

Integrated Approaches to Conservation:

  • There is a trend towards holistic and integrated approaches to conservation that consider both ecological and socio-economic factors.
  • Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators who can navigate interdisciplinary challenges and collaborate across sectors are highly valued.

Community Engagement and Stakeholder Collaboration:

  • Increasing recognition of the importance of involving local communities in conservation efforts.
  • Coordinators skilled in community engagement, conflict mediation, and participatory decision-making processes are increasingly sought after.

Policy and Advocacy:

  • Growing emphasis on policy advocacy and influencing decision-making processes at local, national, and international levels.
  • Professionals with expertise in policy analysis, advocacy, and negotiation skills will be pivotal in shaping conservation policies.

Climate Change Impacts:

  • Climate change is expected to alter wildlife distributions and behavior, potentially exacerbating human-wildlife conflicts in certain regions.
  • Coordinators who understand climate impacts on biodiversity and can adapt mitigation strategies accordingly will be crucial.

Education and Capacity Building:

  • Increasing focus on education and capacity building to empower local communities in conflict resolution and conservation practices.
  • Professionals adept at designing and delivering educational programs and training initiatives will be in demand.

Industry Growth and Job Outlook

Overall, the job outlook for Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators is expected to be positive, driven by increasing conservation awareness, policy support, technological advancements, and the need for sustainable development practices. However, specific growth rates can vary by region and sector, influenced by local environmental conditions, economic factors, and political priorities.

Professionals entering this field should be prepared to adapt to evolving challenges and opportunities, including advancements in technology, shifts in conservation priorities, and changes in regulatory frameworks. Continuous learning, interdisciplinary skills, and a commitment to conservation ethics will be key to thriving in this dynamic and impactful profession.

Availability of Jobs


Which Skills do Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators need?

The skills required for a career as a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator can be divided into two very important groups. The first is the group containing life skills and personality traits, which are the core skills that are necessary or desirable for full participation in everyday life. The second group is career skills, or the specific skills required to allow a person to enter and operate effectively within a specific career. Some or maybe even all of the life skills can assist in strengthening the career skills, and they might even be the same for specific careers.

Life Skills and Personality Traits

People employed as Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators typically possess a diverse set of personality traits that enable them to effectively manage the complexities of their role. While individual traits can vary, some common personality traits among professionals in this field include:

Passion for Wildlife and Conservation:

  • A deep-seated passion for wildlife and a commitment to conserving biodiversity and natural habitats.
  • Dedication to promoting sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife.

Empathy and Compassion:

  • Ability to empathize with both human communities affected by wildlife conflicts and the welfare of the wildlife involved.
  • Compassion towards animals and a strong ethical foundation in wildlife conservation.

Resilience and Adaptability:

  • Capacity to handle challenges and setbacks inherent in human-wildlife conflict situations.
  • Flexibility to adapt strategies based on changing environmental conditions, community dynamics, and regulatory frameworks.

Problem-Solving Skills:

  • Strong analytical abilities to assess complex conflict situations and develop innovative solutions.
  • Critical thinking skills to evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation measures and adjust strategies as needed.

Communication and Interpersonal Skills:

  • Excellent communication skills to engage effectively with diverse stakeholders, including local communities, government agencies, NGOs, and researchers.
  • Ability to facilitate discussions, negotiate agreements, and build consensus among conflicting parties.

Fieldwork and Practical Skills:

  • Comfort with outdoor environments and fieldwork activities, including wildlife monitoring, data collection, and implementation of mitigation strategies.
  • Practical skills in handling equipment, conducting surveys, and managing field teams.

Ethical Integrity:

  • Strong ethical principles and integrity in decision-making, particularly when balancing conservation goals with human interests.
  • Commitment to adhering to ethical guidelines in wildlife research, management, and conflict resolution.

Teamwork and Leadership:

  • Ability to work collaboratively in interdisciplinary teams, often comprising biologists, ecologists, sociologists, and policy experts.
  • Leadership skills to inspire and motivate teams, delegate tasks effectively, and foster a collaborative work environment.

Cultural Sensitivity and Community Engagement:

  • Cultural awareness and sensitivity to diverse cultural norms and beliefs when engaging with local communities.
  • Skills in community outreach, education, and building trust to facilitate effective collaboration and participation in conservation efforts.

Adherence to Safety Protocols:

  • Commitment to safety protocols when working in potentially hazardous environments or during wildlife handling and conflict response activities.
  • Awareness of risks associated with wildlife encounters and diligence in minimizing potential harm to both humans and animals.

These personality traits collectively enable Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators to navigate the multifaceted challenges of their profession while striving towards sustainable solutions that benefit both wildlife conservation and human well-being.

Life Skills

Career Skills

  • Animal handling
  • Customer service
  • Handle instruments
  • Good overall health
  • Computer literate
Career Skills

Which Subjects must I have at School to help me prepare for this career?

The subjects you choose at school are important as they lay the foundation for further studies at college or university. While still at school, it’s also important to learn more about the animals you will work with, as well as gain some experience.

OZT has a list of various tertiary institutions where you can study further, after school. Some of these institutions also have their own Group page on OZT where you will find the exact subjects they require of you to have passed in school. Keep these requirements in mind, and discuss it with your school, guidance counselor and parents to ensure that you are prepared!

What will I need to Study to become a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator?

To become a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator, you will typically need to pursue a structured educational path that combines academic qualifications with practical skills relevant to wildlife conservation and conflict resolution. Here’s a breakdown of what you will need to study under various headings:

Minimum Requirements

Bachelor’s Degree:

  • Preferred Fields: Wildlife biology, ecology, environmental science, conservation biology, or a related field.
  • Key Courses: Courses in wildlife management, conservation principles, ecology, animal behavior, environmental policy, and statistics.
  • Field Experience: Practical experience through internships, field courses, or research projects focusing on wildlife and habitat conservation.

Study Focus

Subjects if Further Study is Required

  • Master’s Degree:
    Recommended Fields: Master’s in wildlife biology, conservation science, environmental management, or a related discipline.
  • Focus Areas: Advanced coursework in conservation genetics, landscape ecology, conflict resolution, GIS applications, and community-based conservation.
  • Research Component: Thesis or research project focused on human-wildlife conflicts or conservation issues.

Advanced Studies (if Necessary)

PhD (Doctorate):

Purpose: For individuals pursuing leadership roles in research, academia, policy development, or specialized technical positions.
Specializations: Research areas could include advanced topics in wildlife behavior, conservation planning, policy analysis, or interdisciplinary studies integrating social and natural sciences.
Skills Development: Advanced research skills, publication of findings in peer-reviewed journals, and contributions to the field of wildlife conservation science.

Optional Short Courses

Conflict Resolution and Mediation:

Courses focused on conflict resolution strategies, negotiation techniques, and mediation skills applicable to human-wildlife conflicts.

GIS and Remote Sensing:

Training in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing technologies for spatial analysis, habitat mapping, and wildlife monitoring.

Wildlife Handling and Tranquilization:

Practical courses on safe handling techniques, tranquilization methods, and wildlife capture procedures.

Community Engagement and Outreach:

Workshops or courses on effective community engagement, participatory decision-making, and outreach strategies in conservation contexts.

Environmental Law and Policy:

Courses providing an understanding of legal frameworks, policy development processes, and regulatory compliance in wildlife conservation and environmental management.

Project Management:

Training in project planning, budgeting, monitoring, and evaluation techniques essential for managing conservation projects effectively.

Study Duration

The duration of a college diploma is between 2 and 3 years. Time spent on a bachelor’s degree can be up to 4 years, and another 2 to 4 years for a doctorate. Short courses are usually between a few weeks and a year.

FREE Career Path Plan

If this is your dream career that you want to pursue, then it’s important to plan the way forward.

Why is planning important?

​To ensure that you understand the requirements for your career, and that you are always prepared for the next step on the road towards your dream. A preparation path is like a road map to where you want to be.

Possible Paths:

Here’s a comprehensive career preparation path for a high school student interested in pursuing a career as a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator:

1. Attend Career Guidance Sessions

Attend career guidance sessions to understand the role of Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator, its requirements, and potential career paths.

2. Research All Possible Careers

Research various careers in wildlife biology, conservation science, environmental management, and related fields to identify specific interests within the conservation sector.

3. Explore Educational Paths

Plan to pursue a bachelor’s degree in wildlife biology, ecology, environmental science, or a related field, which serves as the foundation for a career in human-wildlife conflict management.

4. Align High School Subjects with Educational Path

Focus on science subjects like biology, environmental science, chemistry, and physics.
Take courses in geography, sociology, and mathematics to develop a well-rounded academic background.

5. Obtain a High School Diploma or Equivalent

Aim to achieve a high school diploma with strong grades in relevant subjects.

6. Learn About Animals You Will Work With

Learn about wildlife species, their behavior, habitats, and ecological roles through self-study, nature programs, and visits to wildlife centers or zoos.

7. Align Post-School Path

Decide whether to enter the workforce directly after graduation, pursue further studies (master’s or doctoral degree), or consider entrepreneurship in wildlife conservation or environmental consulting.

8. Gain Experience Through Volunteering, Internships, Mentorship, etc.

Seek volunteer opportunities with local wildlife organizations, participate in internships, or seek mentorship from professionals in conservation or wildlife management.

9. Pursue Extracurricular Activities

Join clubs or organizations focused on environmental conservation, wildlife biology, or community service.
Participate in activities like outdoor expeditions, nature photography, or environmental advocacy.

10. Join Professional Associations

Join student chapters or youth programs of professional associations like The Wildlife Society or Society for Conservation Biology to network with professionals and gain insights into the industry.

11. Gain Specialized Skills

Develop skills in GIS (Geographic Information Systems), data analysis, wildlife monitoring techniques, and conflict resolution strategies through coursework or workshops.

12. Network with Professionals

Attend conferences, workshops, and seminars related to wildlife conservation and human-wildlife conflict management to network with professionals and stay updated on industry trends.

13. Enter the Job Market, Finish Tertiary Studies, or Launch a Business

Enter the job market by applying for entry-level positions in wildlife conservation agencies, environmental NGOs, or research institutions.
Consider pursuing advanced studies (master’s or PhD) to specialize further or launch a business focusing on wildlife conservation services.

14. Stay Updated and Pursue Continuing Education

Stay informed about advancements in wildlife management practices, conservation policies, and emerging technologies through continuous education and professional development courses.
By following this career preparation path, a high school student can build a strong foundation in wildlife conservation and human-wildlife conflict management, preparing them for a rewarding career dedicated to preserving biodiversity and promoting sustainable coexistence between humans and wildlife.

Possible Combined Career Paths

It is possible to sometimes combine two or more related careers. This normally happens when you study and practice a specific main career, but the knowledge and experience gained also help you to have a paying hobby or secondary income career.

Possible Alternatives (there are a lot more):

Training and Apprenticeship

Entering a career as a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator typically involves gaining practical experience through on-the-job training, internships, or apprenticeships. Here are key aspects of on-the-job training and apprenticeship requirements for someone starting in this career:

On-the-Job Training

Field Experience:

  • Wildlife Monitoring: Hands-on experience in conducting wildlife surveys, monitoring populations, and assessing habitat conditions.
  • Conflict Assessment: Training in identifying human-wildlife conflict hotspots, assessing damage, and analyzing root causes of conflicts.
  • Mitigation Techniques: Learning practical skills in implementing mitigation measures such as deterrents, fencing, or habitat modifications.

Data Collection and Analysis:

  • Data Collection: Training in collecting field data using standardized methods and protocols.
  • Data Analysis: Introduction to basic data analysis techniques, including statistical analysis and GIS (Geographic Information Systems) applications for mapping and spatial analysis.

Community Engagement:

  • Stakeholder Interaction: Exposure to engaging with local communities, farmers, ranchers, and other stakeholders affected by human-wildlife conflicts.
  • Public Outreach: Learning effective communication strategies for educating communities about wildlife conservation and conflict resolution strategies.

Environmental Policy and Regulations:

  • Regulatory Compliance: Understanding of local, national, and international laws and regulations governing wildlife conservation, environmental protection, and wildlife management practices.
  • Policy Awareness: Awareness of policies related to land use planning, conservation incentives, and wildlife protection initiatives.

Apprenticeship Requirements

Structured Learning Program:

  • Participating in a formal apprenticeship program under the guidance of experienced wildlife biologists, ecologists, or conservationists.
  • Following a structured curriculum that combines classroom learning with hands-on fieldwork and practical assignments.

Supervised Fieldwork:

  • Working under the supervision of a mentor or senior coordinator to gain practical skills in conflict resolution, habitat management, and community outreach.
  • Learning how to assess risks, manage conflicts safely, and implement mitigation strategies effectively.

Skill Development:

  • Developing skills in wildlife handling, tranquilization techniques, and safe capture and release methods under controlled conditions.
  • Building proficiency in using field equipment, GPS devices, and other tools essential for wildlife monitoring and data collection.

Professional Networking:

  • Establishing connections within the conservation community, attending workshops, seminars, and conferences to stay updated on industry trends and best practices.
  • Building relationships with experts in wildlife management, ecology, and environmental policy to broaden knowledge and expertise.

Duration and Certification

  • The duration of on-the-job training and apprenticeship programs can vary based on organizational requirements and the complexity of the job responsibilities.
  • Some apprenticeship programs may lead to certifications or endorsements in specific skills such as wildlife handling, GIS applications, or conflict resolution techniques.

By completing on-the-job training and apprenticeship requirements, aspiring Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators can acquire essential skills and practical experience needed to effectively manage human-wildlife interactions and contribute to wildlife conservation efforts in their careers.

Average level of education of all the people who enter the career:

High School Certificate 0%
Diploma or Short Courses 0%
Degree or Higher Studies 0%

Licenses, Certificate, Registration and Professional Associations

Becoming a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator typically involves adhering to certain licensing, certification, and legal registration requirements, which can vary based on the country, region, and specific job responsibilities. Here are the general requirements and considerations:

Licensing and Legal Requirements

Educational Background:

  • Most positions in wildlife conservation and management require at least a bachelor’s degree in fields such as wildlife biology, ecology, environmental science, or a related discipline.
  • Higher-level positions or specialized roles may require a master’s degree or PhD in relevant fields.

Professional Certification:

  • Certified Wildlife Biologist (CWB): Offered by The Wildlife Society (TWS), this certification demonstrates professional competency in wildlife biology and management.
  • Other Certifications: Depending on the specific job duties, certifications in GIS (Geographic Information Systems), project management, conflict resolution, or specialized wildlife handling may be beneficial or required.

Legal Compliance:

  • Permits and Licenses: Depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the work, Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinators may need permits or licenses to handle wildlife, conduct research, or implement conservation projects.
  • Environmental Regulations: Adherence to local, national, and international laws governing wildlife conservation, environmental protection, and land use.

Specific Requirements by Region

North America (USA and Canada):

  • In the United States, professionals may need permits from federal or state wildlife agencies (e.g., U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) for handling wildlife or conducting research.
  • In Canada, compliance with federal regulations under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and provincial wildlife regulations may be required.


  • Compliance with European Union directives on wildlife protection and conservation.
  • In some European countries, registration with national wildlife agencies or environmental ministries may be necessary.

Australia and New Zealand:

  • Registration with state or territorial wildlife agencies for handling wildlife and implementing conservation activities.
  • Compliance with environmental laws under federal and state jurisdictions.


  • Adherence to national wildlife conservation laws and regulations specific to each country.
    In some cases, permits from national parks authorities or wildlife management agencies may be required for conducting research or managing wildlife conflicts.

Asia and South America:

  • Requirements vary widely across countries but generally involve compliance with national wildlife conservation laws and regulations.
  • Depending on the region, involvement with local communities and indigenous groups may necessitate additional permits or permissions.

Continuing Education and Professional Development

Continuing Education:

  • Staying current with advancements in wildlife management, conservation strategies, and environmental policy through ongoing education, workshops, and conferences.
  • Maintaining certifications and updating skills in response to evolving conservation challenges and practices.

Professional Organizations:

  • Membership in professional organizations such as The Wildlife Society, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), or regional conservation societies may offer networking opportunities and access to professional development resources.

Professional Associations

International Associations

The Wildlife Society (TWS)

A professional organization dedicated to advancing wildlife science, conservation, and management.

Website: The Wildlife Society

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

Global authority on the status of the natural world and measures needed to safeguard it.

Website: IUCN

Society for Conservation Biology (SCB)

An international professional organization dedicated to advancing the science and practice of conserving biodiversity.

Website: Society for Conservation Biology

International Association for Bear Research and Management (IBA)

Focuses on the conservation and management of bears worldwide.

Website: International Association for Bear Research and Management

Regional Associations

North America:

North American Association for Environmental Education (NAAEE)

Promotes environmental education and professional development across North America.

Website: NAAEE

Wildlife Society – North America

Regional chapters and sections of The Wildlife Society focused on specific ecological regions and conservation issues in North America.

Website: TWS North America


European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA)

Represents zoos, aquariums, and wildlife conservation organizations across Europe.

Website: EAZA

European Wildlife Disease Association (EWDA)

Focuses on wildlife health and disease research and management in Europe.

Website: EWDA

Australia and New Zealand:

Australasian Wildlife Management Society (AWMS)

Promotes and supports the sustainable management of wildlife in Australasia.

Website: AWMS


African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)

Works to ensure wildlife and wild lands thrive in modern Africa.

Website: AWF


Asian Society of Conservation Medicine (ASCM)

Focuses on the health and conservation of wildlife and ecosystems in Asia.

Website: ASCM

Where can I study further? (List of Registered Tertiary Institutions)

All of the above information will help you understand more about the career, including the fact that there are different paths to take to reach it. But if you are almost done with high school (grades 11 or 12), you also need to start thinking about further studies and where you will study.

See the list of universities, colleges, and online training academies that offer courses in >>>.

How do I start to prepare for this Career?

If you do decide on following this career, then OZT can assist you in figuring out a path to prepare, as well as help you to gain further knowledge about the career and the animals you will be working with. We do this by offering you FREE career development tools. There are almost a dozen free tools, but these are the three primary ones:


Use the career path plan above on this profile as an example to follow, or to work out your own path.

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But, if you are still uncertain about choosing this specific career, and even where to start, then have a look at our special series of WHAT NEXT courses (link below). They take you through all of the questions you might have on how to choose the right career, what to do while at and after school, and even how to start your own business.


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Members of the Platform have special access to:

  • Info on the best places where you can study (colleges, universities and online)
  • Expertly designed advice to prepare you for the career and links to places where you can gain valuable experience. Some career experience is necessary; otherwise, you won’t get the job!
  • Top-notch information on each of the different species you will work with
  • Make friends around the world and share knowledge
  • Compete and win points, badges, games, prizes, and certificates. Be the best of the best while you learn and prepare!

If you have decided on being a Human-Wildlife Conflict Coordinator, please click on the JOIN GROUP button. Members will be directed to the group, while non-members will be assisted in registering first.

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