Do you want to work as a Park Ranger?
- Read about the most important info you need to decide on following this career.
- Follow the 7 points below and search for a tertiary institution near you for future studies. If you already are graduated, you may also search through our list of Jobs in the main menu.
- If you want to PLAN the way you need to prepare, then join our community in step 8 where you will learn everything, while chatting with other potential rangers and experts from around the world. Prepare to be amazed!
UPDATED: 20 August 2021
1. What is a Park Ranger?
A Park Ranger usually works for Government and is responsible for protecting the plants and animals within a demarcated area. They often work outdoors and patrol campgrounds, trails and surrounding areas.
The name Park Ranger is also known under other names:
- Game Warden
- Park Wardens
- Forest Rangers
The title “Park Ranger” is sometimes used to indicate careers where rangers work for the private sector. We have separated the two careers, as they are different in some countries.
You can read more about being a Game Ranger, if you want to work for a private game reserve.
2. What does a Park Ranger do?
The Park Ranger career can be found within the following OZT career categories:
- Law & enforcement
- Wildlife Conservation
What does a Park Ranger focus on?
Park rangers ensure that a park or reserve is operating smoothly, including the well-being of the wild animals. They also participate in search-and-rescue missions and make sure visitors follow fire and safety codes. Park rangers have far better knowledge of animals and plants than any of the daily visitors and are therefore called on the park management to give topical presentations to guests. A thorough knowledge of each species in the park is vital.
What are the daily tasks of a Park Ranger?
- Overseeing the park’s operations
- General safety of wild animals
- Interpretation of general information on the Park
- Resource protection/management
- Patrol and law enforcement
- Public safety
Programs and activities
- Preparing exhibits and information materials
- Developing conservation programs
- Leading nature tours
- Studying wildlife behavior
- Monitoring air and water quality
- Write reports
- Administration and filing
3. Working conditions of a Park Ranger
Where does a Park Ranger work?
The kind of work will indicate the environment wherein park rangers work:
- Backcountry rangers work in the remotest areas and may spend weeks in the park, maintaining the area.
- Interpretive park rangers educate the public about local history and wildlife, geology, and other items of interest.
- Snow rangers work in the mountains and may patrol on skis or on snowmobiles.
- Water-based rangers may pilot water vessels and participate in water rescues.
- Park Rangers work in parks dedicated to protecting both plants and wild animals.
Places of Employment –
Park rangers are mostly employed by governments to work at national parks, forests and larger state run amusement parks.
What is the average annual salary of a Park Ranger?
The salary will also differ from country to country, and whether you are employed within the public or private sector.
- South Africa – R100,000
- United States – $38,000
- United Kingdom – £15,320
Can a Park Ranger be promoted?
Some can go into specialized areas, while others may be promoted into management positions that do focus more on office work.
The possible levels:
Assistant Ranger > Park Ranger (middle level) > Senior Ranger > Park Manager
What kind of difficulties can a Park Ranger face?
As a park ranger you will definitely work with difficult and sometimes dangerous animals. The work might also entail long hours and working over weekends and holidays. Park rangers also have to deal with difficult people that visit the park from time to time. They also might need to stay in the park, which means less fancy amenities and no neighbors.
Future growth and Possibilities
The outlook for employment as park ranger is high. Average growth per year is around 10%. Competition for park ranger positions at well-known state and national parks in wilderness areas should be strong. Candidates who have significant education and experience in fields related to park management should have the best prospects. Individuals who gain experience may advance to positions such as park superintendent or park director.
4. Which Skills are required by a Park Ranger?
The skills required for a career as a park ranger can be divided into two very important groups. The first is the group containing life skills, which are the core skills that are necessary or desirable for full participation in everyday life. The second group is career skills, or the specific skills required to allow a person to enter and operate effectively within a specific career. Some or maybe even all of the life skills can assist in strengthening the career skills, and they might even be the same for specific careers.
- Critical thinking
- Creative thinking
- Decision making
- Problem Solving
- Effective communication
- Interpersonal relationship
- Good customer service skills
- Animal handling and care experience
- Excellent health and physical fitness
- Driver’s License
- Basic computer literacy
5. Which Subjects must I have at School to help prepare for this career?
The subjects you choose at school are important as they lay the foundation for further studies at college or university. While still at school, it’s also important to learn more about the animals you will work with, as well as gain some experience.
OZT has a list of various tertiary institutions where you can study further, after school. Each of these institutions also have their own Group page on OZT where you will find the exact subjects they require of you to have passed in school. Keep these requirements in mind, and discuss it with your school, guidance counselor and parents to ensure that you are prepared!
6. What will I need to Study to become a Park Ranger?
Minimum educational requirements
The minimum qualifications in some countries is a High School diploma or certificate. But just as the minimum qualifications needed to be a park ranger differ from country to country, most of the government positions do require a minimum of a College Diploma in subjects such as conservation or wildlife management, with extensive knowledge in animals and plants.
As park rangers also have enforcement duties in certain countries, they might need to undertake an enforcement course (also called peace officer training) which can last several weeks and includes instruction in firearms usage, driving emergency vehicles, and investigation and arrest techniques.
In addition to law enforcement training, park rangers may also receive on-the-job training in search and rescue, emergency medical services, wildfire suppression, animal tracking and survival techniques.
Studies can include majors in nature conservation, game management, land management, resource protection, or law enforcement.
Short Courses –
Short Courses in general guiding skills, basic astronomy, local history, weather and climate, basic ecology, fauna, flora, and bush signs and tracking, as well as basic first aid.
The duration of most Courses and Certificates range from a few months to two year. A Degree at a recognized University or College is on average three years, with another year to three added for advanced studies (Masters and Doctoral).
Possible Career Preparation Paths
If this is your dream career that you want to pursue, then it’s important to plan the way forward.
Why is planning important?
To ensure that you understand the requirements for your career, and that you are always prepared for the next step on the road towards your dream. A Preparation Path is like your road map to where you want to be.
Possible Combined Career Paths
It is possible to sometimes combine two or more related careers. This normally happens when you study and practice a specific main career, but the knowledge and experience gained also help you to have a paying hobby or secondary income career.
Possible Alternatives (there are a lot more):
Stepping Stone Career
Being a game ranger can also be used as a stepping stone career. A stepping stone career is one which is used to help you get to another career, normally because the other career is too difficult to enter (sometimes due to things like high tertiary fees, low pass marks in High School etc).
You can begin as an assistant ranger after basic short courses and expert guidance (maybe working under a mentor). The money made can then be used to pay for studies towards a promotion or another career, and the experience helps in gaining knowledge. One paying to help get to the other.
Some of the possible paths:
Training and apprenticeship
Even though it is important to study to get into some of the animal careers, most of the skills you will need as a ranger will be acquired through practice. This means that you will learn how to perform some of the daily tasks by actually doing it a few times and learning the steps.
In some cases entry level positions may require training sessions even before you are allowed to actually perform your job duties. These sessions are offered by the place of employment, after you have successfully applied.
Join the Park Rangers Group in the Community to learn more and even interact with the educational institutions that will help you secure your dream career!
Average level of education of all the people who enter the career:
7. Licenses, Certificate, Registration and Professional Associations
Certain animal careers require some form of legal certification to prove that you can indeed do the work, and work with the necessary equipment.
As most rangers also protect the animals and the property, they need to carry a gun. For this reason they will need a license and a Police Certification to be allowed to carry and operate a weapon.
8. Where can I study further?
All of the above information will help you understand more about the Career, including the fact that there are different paths to take to reach it. But if you are almost done with High School (Grades 11 or 12), you also need to start thinking about further studies, and WHERE you will study.
See the List of Universities, Colleges and Online Training Academies who offer courses towards environmental and game management.
Join the OZT community
Join us as a special member and learn more about becoming a park ranger.
Members of the Platform have special access to:
- Info on the best places where you can study (colleges, universities and online)
- Expertly designed advice to prepare you for the career, and links to places where you can gain valuable experience. For some career experience is necessary, otherwise you wont get the job!
- Top notch info on each of the different species you will work with
- Make friends around the world and share knowledge
- Compete and win points, badges, games, prizes and certificates. Be the best of the best, while you learn and prepare!
If you have decided on being a park ranger, please click on the JOIN GROUP button. Members will be directed to the Group, while non-members will be assisted to register first.
If this career is NOT the career for you, then you may return to the MAIN CAREER menu, and search for something different.
Other interesting Careers
Career Profiles and Resources
Career Mentors are Members who assist by volunteering to keep each Career Page factual and current, while mentoring Students in the related Career Group.
Contributions by expert members are always appreciated to allow the Students to make informed decisions. Please add your contribution through the attached Form:
List of Career Mentors/Educators who have contributed to this Career info:
One Zoo Tree