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What does this page offer?

  • Read about the basic facts on worms
  • Access some of the free short courses on worms
  • Join OZT as a member to learn even more about how to work with worms while meeting people from around the world!

You have chosen a career to follow and prepare for; now it’s time to learn more about the species you will work with.

  • Read about the basic facts on worms
  • Join the Worms Group to learn how to work with them and meet people from around the world
  • Access all of the free short courses on worms
  • Connect with tertiary institutions and organisations that work with worms

Basic Facts on Worms

Worms are many different distantly related bilateral animals that typically have a long cylindrical tube-like body, no limbs, and no eyes (though not always). The animals known as worms fall under 15 different phyla, and most of them are Aquatic.

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Scientific name:

Common use names:

All worms are hermaphrodites, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs. The young of worms are called wormlets.

The word “worm” in other languages:

  • Dutch: worm
  • French: ver
  • Spanish: gusano
  • Turkish: solucan

Awesome fact:

Worms can regenerate body segments

Important Dates:

Worm Stats

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Average Length

from microscopic to over 58 metres (190 ft)

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Average Weight



Average Lifespan

Few months to over 300 years!


Average Offspring

up to 100 egg capsules with more than one worm in each egg

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Active Time

Both Diurnal and Nocturnal

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Main Diet


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Distribution & Habitat

Global distribution - mostly aquatic, but some are Terrestrial (earthworms) and some are inside human and animal bodies (roundworms)

Global Population

Estimated Global Population


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Conservation Status

Least Concerned to Endangered

The scientific classification of worms

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Kingdom: Animalia

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Free Short Courses on Worms

The Top 3 Skills required to work with Worms

Working with worms, such as in the field of vermiculture or vermicomposting, involves understanding their behaviour, creating suitable environments for them, and managing their populations effectively. Here are the top three skills required to work with worms:

  • Knowledge of Vermiculture Techniques: Vermiculture is the process of using worms, typically red wigglers (Eisenia fetida), to break down organic waste into nutrient-rich compost. To work effectively with worms, you need to have a solid understanding of vermiculture techniques. This includes knowledge of worm species, their biology, preferred habitat conditions, feeding habits, reproduction, and general care requirements. You should be familiar with different types of worm bins, bedding materials, moisture levels, temperature requirements, and feeding strategies. A strong foundation in vermiculture techniques will enable you to create and maintain optimal conditions for the worms.
  • Observation and Problem-Solving Skills: Working with worms requires keen observation skills to monitor their health, behaviour, and overall well-being. You must be able to identify signs of distress, such as temperature extremes, overfeeding, a lack of moisture, or the presence of pests or diseases. Regular observation allows you to adjust environmental conditions and address any potential issues promptly. Problem-solving skills are crucial when troubleshooting challenges that may arise during vermiculture, such as odor control, maintaining proper moisture levels, managing worm populations, or adjusting composting processes based on varying waste inputs. Being able to think critically and find creative solutions will contribute to the success of your worm-related endeavours.
  • Effective Communication and Education: Whether you’re working with worms for personal use or as part of a larger initiative, effective communication and education skills are essential. You may need to educate others about the benefits of vermicomposting, teach them how to set up their own worm bins, or provide guidance on troubleshooting common issues. Clear and concise communication is necessary to share knowledge about vermiculture techniques, answer questions, and address concerns. Additionally, if you are involved in a vermiculture business or community project, you might need to market and promote your services, write informative materials, and deliver presentations or workshops. Strong communication and educational skills will help you engage and inspire others to embrace vermiculture practises.

While these skills are crucial for working with worms, it’s worth noting that a passion for sustainability, environmental consciousness, and a genuine interest in understanding and improving the natural world can greatly enhance your ability to work effectively with worms and contribute to a more sustainable future.

The Top 3 Tools used when working with Worms

Working with worms requires a variety of tools, including scientific equipment, field gear, and software for data analysis. Here are some of the important tools used when working with worms:

  • Collecting equipment: To collect worms, you may need a variety of equipment, including sweep nets and tubes. The type of equipment you use will depend on the habitat and the species you are targeting.
  • Microscopes: Worms are often small and require high magnification to study. A good microscope, either stereo or compound, is therefore essential.
  • Laboratory equipment: Once you have collected worms, you may need to prepare and preserve them for further study. This requires a variety of laboratory equipment, such as dissecting tools, pipettes, vials, and preservatives.
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Join the Worms Group

Learn even more about Worms by joining the GROUP

Members of the Group can access all the different Short Courses, win awards and meet other worm lovers from around the world. Gain experience points with each short course and compete for the top spot on the leader board!

Topics covered in the WORMS GROUP:

  • General worms knowledge (Anatomy, Habitat, Behaviour, Diet)
  • Ecological Benefits & Conservation
  • Creative (Including education, art, design, publishing, media, news and photography)
  • ​Species (courses on the prominent species)

Interact with all of the relevant tertiary institutions that feature courses related to worms, as well as animal organisations that work with the species.

If you are not a member yet, then register for FREE!

Career profiles and resources

How many career profiles are there on OZT where you can work with worms?

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Contributions by expert members are always appreciated to allow the students to learn about the species they will work with. Please add your contribution through the attached form:

Contribution Form

List of Species Mentors/Educators who have contributed to the info:


One Zoo Tree

A few excellent pictures as examples of the species:

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