You have chosen a career to follow and prepare for, now it’s time to learn more about the species (and breeds) you will work with. 

Read about the basic facts and join the Dog Group to learn even more about them, as well as how to work with them, and how to gain experience if you want to work with them. If you are not a member, join us in the OZT Community!

Definition of a Dog

Dogs are the oldest domesticated four-legged animals (they have adapted to being with humans), which are used as pets, for herding sheep, protection and even for guiding people whom are blind.

Scientific Name: [Canis familiaris]

A male dog is called a dog, the female a bitch, and the young is called a pup, or puppy. A group of dogs is called a pack.

The word “dog” in other languages:

  • Dutch: hond
  • French: chien
  • Spanish: perro
  • Turkish: köpek

Basic Facts

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Average Height

10 to 110 cm (3 to 42 in)

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Average Weight

0.1 to 155 kg (4oz and 343 lb)


Average Lifespan

10 to 13 years


Average Offspring

4 to 8 puppies

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58 to 68 days


Running Speed

Up to 72 km/h (45 mph)

Global Population

Estimated Global Population

900 million +

Activity Period Icon

Active Period


Main Diet Icon

Main Diet


Do you have information to contribute to this page? Please click on the red beetle to access the contribution form.

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Join the Dog Group

Status: Active

Learn even more about Dogs by joining the DOG GROUP.

Members of the Group can create and discuss any dog related topic, as well as access all the different Short Courses, win awards and meet other dog lovers from around the world. Gain experience points with each short course and compete for the top spot on the leader board!

Topics covered in the DOG GROUP:

  • ^ General dog knowledge (Anatomy, Habitat, Behaviour, Diet, Ecological Benefits & Conservation)
  • ^ Dog Care & Health
  • ^ Creative (Including education, art, design, publishing, media, news and photography)
  • ^ Breeds (courses on over 100 different breeds)


This is also the place where you will find links to all of the Animal Organizations that work with dogs. Join their special Groups and learn how you can gain valuable experience by volunteering or interning with them.

Career profiles and resources

Contributions by expert members are always appreciated to allow the Students to make informed decisions. Please add your contribution through the attached Form:

Contribution Form

List of Species Mentors/Educators who have contributed to the info:


One Zoo Tree

A few excellent pictures on the species for reference: