What does this page offer?

  • Read about the basic facts on birds
  • Access some of the free short courses on birds
  • Join OZT as a member to learn even more about how to work with birds while meeting people from around the world!

You have chosen a career to follow and prepare for; now it’s time to learn more about the species you will work with.

  • Read about the basic facts on birds
  • Join the Birds Group to learn how to work with them and meet people from around the world
  • Access all of the free short courses on birds
  • Connect with tertiary institutions and organisations that work with birds

Basic Facts on Birds

Birds are warm-blooded egg-laying Vertebrate animals distinguished by the possession of feathers, wings, a Beak, and typically by being able to fly.

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Scientific name:


Common use names:

In general, a male is called a cock, and a female is called a hen. The young birds are called chicks. A group of birds is called a flock. These common names might be different for specific species.

The word “bird” in other languages:

  • Dutch: vogel
  • French: oiseau
  • Spanish: pájaro
  • Turkish: kuş

Awesome fact:

Around 5% of the plants humans use for food or medicine are pollinated by birds.

Important Dates:

  • 150 million years ago (Jurassic Period): The earliest known bird, Archaeopteryx, appeared around this time.
  • 1973: The signing of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) marked a turning point in the conservation of birds and other wildlife

Bird Stats

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Average Height

6 cm to 2.8 m (2.4 in to 9 feet)

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Average Weight

1.9 g to 145 kg (0.07 oz and 320 lb)


Average Lifespan

5 to 70 years


Average Offspring

1 to 15 chicks


Flying Speed

30 to 45 km/h (20 - 30 mph)

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Active Period

Mostly Diurnal

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Main Diet

Different species classed as carnivorous, herbivorous or even omnivorous

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Distribution & Habitat

Across the globe in all known habitats

Global Population

Estimated Global Population

200 billion +

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Conservation Status

Least Concern to Critically Endangered

The scientific classification of birds

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Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: 40

Family: 323

Genus: 2,040

Species: 11,000

Do you have facts to contribute to this page? Please click on the red beetle to access the contribution form.

Free Short Courses on Birds

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Join the Birds Group

Learn even more about Birds by joining the BIRDS GROUP

Join one of the two BIRD GROUPS, depending on the kind of birds you want to work with.

  • General Bird Group (All species, INCLUDING raptors)
  • Raptors (This Group focuses on raptor species such as hawks, eagles, owls, kites, vultures, and osprey. This group is separate to accommodate the people who work only with raptors).

Members of the Groups can access all the different short courses, win awards, and meet other bird lovers from around the world. Gain experience points with each short course and compete for the top spot on the leaderboard!

Topics covered in the BIRD GROUPS:

  • General bird knowledge (Anatomy, Habitat, behaviour, Diet, Ecological Benefits and Conservation)
  • Bird Care and Health
  • Bird Business Creation 
  • Bird Creative (Including education, art, design, publishing, media, news and photography)
  • ​Species (courses on over 100 different species)

Interact with all of the relevant tertiary institutions that feature courses related to birds, as well as animal organisations that work with each species.

If you are not a member yet, then register for FREE!

Career profiles and resources

How many career profiles are there on OZT where you can work with birds?

Direct Contact
Indirect Contact

Dr Mohammad Al-Sqour

Avian Veterinarian & Avifauna Researcher

Contributions by expert members are always appreciated to allow the students to make informed decisions. Please add your contribution through the attached form:

Contribution Form

List of Species Mentors/Educators who have contributed to the info:


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Some of the best pictures on bird species from the internet:

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