You have chosen a career to follow and prepare for, now it’s time to learn more about the species (and breeds) you will work with. 

Read about the basic facts and join one of the Birds Groups to learn even more about them, as well as how to work with them, and how to gain experience if you want to work with them. If you are not a member, join us in the OZT Community!

Definition of a Bird

Birds are warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrate animals distinguished by the possession of feathers, wings, a beak, and typically by being able to fly.

In general for all birds, a male is called a cock and the female, a hen and the young are called chicks

Basic Facts about Birds

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Average Height

6 cm to 2.8 m (2.4 in to 9 feet)

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Average Weight

1.9 g to 145 kg (0.07 oz and 320 lb)


Average Lifespan

5 to 70 years


Average Offspring

1 to 15 chicks


Flying Speed

30 to 45 km/h (20 - 30 mph)

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Active Period

Mostly diurnal

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Main Diet

Different species classed as carnivorous, herbivorous or even omnivorous

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Distribution & Habitat

Across the globe in all known habitats

Global Population

Estimated Global Population

200 billion +

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Conservation Status

Least Concern to Critically Endangered

Do you have information that you would like to contribute to this course? Please click on the red beetle to access the contribution form.

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Join one of the Bird Groups

Status: Active

Learn even more about Birds by joining one of the two BIRD GROUPS, depending on the kind of birds you want to work with.

  • ^ General Bird Group (All species, except raptors)
  • ^ Raptors (Hawks, eagles, owls, kites, vultures, osprey)

Members of the Groups can access all the different Short Courses, win awards and meet other bird lovers from around the world. Gain experience points with each short course and compete for the top spot on the leader board!

Topics covered in the BIRD GROUPS:

  • ^ General bird knowledge (Anatomy, Habitat, Behaviour, Diet, Ecological Benefits & Conservation)
  • ^ Bird Care & Health
  • ^ Bird Business Creation 
  • ^ Bird Creative (Including education, art, design, publishing, media, news and photography)
  • ​^ Species (courses on over 100 different species)


This is also the place where you will find links to all of the Animal Organizations that work with birds. Join their special Groups and learn how you can gain valuable experience by volunteering or interning with them.

Species Profiles and Resources

Dr Mohammad Al-Sqour

Avian Veterinarian & Avifauna Researcher

Contributions by expert members are always appreciated to allow the students to make informed decisions. Please add your contribution through the attached form:

Contribution Form

List of Species Mentors/Educators who have contributed to the info:


One Zoo Tree

Some of the best pictures on bird species from the internet: